After arriving on the waterfront strip disregarding the stone which was subsequently named as ‘Jabal-ul-Tariq’ (Gibraltar), its hero Tariq Bin Ziyad requested the consumption of the boats that had gotten his Muslim soldiers from Africa 711 A.D.

For what reason are you doing this. Sir?’ cried the shocked fighters. How might we return? Enquired a few. Tariq stayed unaffected by these requests.

In answer, he articulated those notable words, which will consistently move individuals to set out on bold deeds. He said: ‘We have not come here to return. It is possible that we will vanquish and set up a good foundation for ourselves here or we will die.’ Encouraged by these words. Tariq and his fighters steered one of the most considerable multitudes of the West and conveyed the flag of Islam even past the high dividers of the

Before long the demise of the Holy Prophet of Islam (SAW), the Muslims were compromised from all sides. The strong adjoining Empires of the Roman and Persians were contriving to remove this new power. However, the Arabs met this test as well as squashed the two biggest Empires of the world, and in under 50 years, their arms held influence over the three known landmasses.

The Islamic principles of equality and brotherhood enabled conquered and newly converted generations to participate in government with the Arab elders. Islam does not recognize any distinction between caste and creed and wherever talent is found, it is easily patronized. That is why all capable slaves have held the highest positions in the Islamic system and many slave families have ruled the Muslim subjects brilliantly.
Tariq bin Ziyad, Berber slave, was a lieutenant of Musa bin Nasir, the Muslim viceroy of Africa. The Berber slave was destined to conquer Spain, Europe’s largest Muslim region, which held the torch of Muslim-dominated civilization for eight centuries, which eventually brought down the sadness that plagued medieval Europe.

As of now, when Africa was partaking in the favors of lenience, equity, and thriving under the Muslims, adjoining Spain was moaning under the oppression, and fanaticism of its Gothic ruler. The honor of ladies was undependable and the turners of the dirt were put to weighty tax assessment. The rulers and their associates delighted in extravagance while the majority moaned in neediness. Countless outcasts from Spain the two
Christians and Jews who had experienced under the Gothic standard had taken shelter in Muslim Africa. One of them was Julian, the Governor of Ceuta, whose little girl Florinda had been disrespected by Roderick, the Gothic King of Spain. They spoke to Musa to free their country from the despot’s burden.

Because of their prayer and with the assent of the Caliph, Musa observed the southern shoreline of Spain. The report was positive and in May 711, Tariq bin Zaid with 7,000 Muslims crossed the Straits in ships in little contingents. As his soldiers arrived in Europe, Tariq focused them on a slope, which took the name of ‘Jabl-ul-Tariq’ (The Rock of Tariq) presently called Gibraltar, and encouraged them either to vanquish or die. They had no
goal to return home.

Gothic King Roderick gathered a large army of over a million soldiers. Tariq was also strengthened by the 5,000 soldiers sent by Moses and now has an army of 12,000. The two armies met at the mouth of the Barbet River, on the banks of a Janda Lago, and fought a decisive battle on July 9, 711. The two armies were unequally matched. The Christians were unbearable by Tariq and the Goths were completely defeated with terrible losses. King Roderick drowned in the river. This glorious victory of Tariq demoralized the Spaniards, and they did not dare to face the Muslims openly again.

Thusly, the militaries of Tariq met little obstruction in the inside of Spain. His was a victorious walk from one spot to another in the Peninsula. Tariq had isolated his little armed force into four divisions and guided one of his lieutenants towards Cordova, the other towards Malaga, the third towards Granada, and himself at the top of the primary body hastily walked upon Toledo, the Capital of Spain. This load of urban areas yielded absent a lot of opposition. The Goths were incapacitated by the speed of Tariq’s development and the seriousness of his blows. The Gothic militaries escaped before him. ‘God’, says an expert, ‘filled the hearts of idolaters with fear and caution.’ The abused masses of Spain hailed the Muslims as their deliverers. The model treatment of Tariq and
his men charmed him to the vanquished races.

The fiercest clash of the whole mission was battled at Ecija, which brought about the triumph of Tariq’s powers. Toledo, the Capital of Spain, additionally gave in after little obstruction. Here Tariq was joined by his Master Musa bin Nusair, the Muslim viceroy of Africa. Henceforth forward, the two commanders moved one next to the other and in under two years, the entire of Spain was in Muslim hands Portugal was vanquished, a couple of years after. ‘This established the last and the most shocking of the significant Arab crusades’, composes Philip K. Hitti,’ and brought about the expansion to the Moslem universe of the biggest European region at any point held by them. In its quickness of execution and completeness of accomplishment, this undertaking into Spain holds a
novel spot in the Medieval Military Annals.

Musa and Tariq could easily have conquered the whole of Europe that fell at their feet. There was no stopping his triumphant advance, but Providence meant something else. He was summoned by the caliph to Damascus while planning to conquer Europe. Obeying the caliph’s order, they reached Damascus as soon as possible and showed a rare discipline. Tariq later died there.

The victory of Spain by Muslims opened another period for the Peninsula. It achieved a social transformation where the opportunity of religion was completely perceived. The in toleration and mistreatment of the Christians gave a spot to lenience and huge heartedness. The caught Christian urban communities got great terms which were loyally noticed. Individual demonstrations of brutality by the Muslim fighters were seriously rebuffed. No properties or domains were seized. All things being equal, the Muslims presented a wise arrangement of tax collection, which before long carried success to the Peninsula and made it a model country in the West. The Christians had their own adjudicators to resolve their debates. All people groups had equivalent freedoms for
passage into the public administrations.

This astute liberal organization of Muslim heroes had its great impacts. The Christians including their clerics, who had first left their homes in dread returned and passes a cheerful and prosperous life. A notable Christian author says: ‘The Moors (Muslims) coordinated that superb realm of Cordova, which was the wonder of the Middle Ages, and which, when all Europe was plunged in uncouth obliviousness and difficulty, alone held
the light of learning and civilization splendid and sparkling before the Western world.’

  • Author has graduated in Mass Communication from Punjab University. She has worked for Daily Jang and Aaj News TV and is currently working as an administrator in FBR, Islamabad.

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